Does sexual harassment even take place? Lets look at some of the statistics
On looking at the statistics it appears that while the number of complaints being filed in 2013 were really low, given the lack of awareness on the subject however, the trend changed a lot by 2017. In fact, even the National Crime Records Bureau’s data suggests that between 2014 and 2015, cases of sexual harassment within office premises more than doubled–from 57 to 119. There was also a 51% rise in sexual harassment cases at other places related to work – from 469 in 2014 to 714 in 2015 (in 2013 and 2014, the National Commission for Women reported a 35% increase in complaints from 249 to 336, according to a December 2014 reply filed in the Lok Sabha). With respect to Nifty 50 companies, Economic Times reported on 29th September 2016 that there was a rise in the sexual harassment cases by 26% in spite of the fact that 70% women do not report sexual harassment by superiors because they feared the repercussions. The complaints have risen many fold in spite of the fact that 36% of Indian companies and 25% of multinational companies had not yet constituted their internal committee, as per the 2015 research study, ‘Fostering Safe Workplaces,’ by the Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) and about 50% of the more than 120 companies that participated in this study admitted that their internal committee members (who are required to conduct inquiry into complaints of sexual harassment) were not legally trained. The complaints regarding sexual harassment are being filed across industries and across organizations be it schools, colleges, banks, IT, telecom, film industry, hotels, media, aviation, manufacturing etc.
Even internationally, with complaints being filed against famous organizations such as Uber and personalities such as Harvey Weinstein (Film Producer) and Roger Ailes (Fox News Chairman and CEO) and with movements like #metoo, orange the world by UN Women, the trend in relation to awareness about sexual harassment and filing of complaints on the same have increased, Given below are the statistics from some countries:
Even in relation to cyber-crimes, for the first time in three years, Mumbai beat Bangalore as the city with the maximum number of cyber-crimes registered, as per the 2016 data released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB). While Bangalore topped the country in cyber-crimes in 2014 and 2015 with Mumbai in a close second spot, the total number of cyber-crime cases registered in Mumbai was 980 in 2016, against the 762 cases registered in Bangalore. In respect of criminal offenses otherwise as well, the number of complaints seem to be going up. As per a Bangalore Mirror article dated 12th December, 2017, Bangalore police received as many as 907 cases of sexual harassment and molestation in the city in 2017 (till November) as against 774 in 2016.